Dialysis


Dialysis

Dialysis removes waste fluid from the body when kidney function is deteriorated. It also helps correct the level of toxicity in the blood by removing toxins and manages the electrolyte balance. Without dialysis, anybody with kidney failure would die because of toxin buildup in the bloodstream.

There are two types of dialysis: peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. Both methods serve the same purpose, to replicate the function of kidneys. A hemodialysis machine requires the following instruments to function –

  • Semipermeable membrane – it separates blood from the dialysis fluid. The membrane allows waste, electrolytes, water and other products to be removed from the blood by a process called diffusion.
  • Blood supply – better the blood supply the more effective is the process of dialysis. In hemodialysis, the dialysis machine controls blood supply.
  • Dialysis fluid – in both methods of dialysis the fluid removes toxins and waste product from the blood, it also balances electrolytes.
  • Fluid removal – In hemodialysis, the machine uses pressure to pull the fluid through the membrane from the blood.

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