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Medikabazaar Dental


Dental Products Supplier in Mumbai

 

Dentistry branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.

Branches of dentistry

·         Endodontics

·         Orthodontics

·         Minimal intervention dentistry

·         Prosthodontics

·         Pediatric dentistry

·         Preventive dentistry

·         Periodontics

·         Oral and maxillofacial surgery

·         Dento-maxillofacial radiology

·         Oral pathology

·         Oral medicine

 

Dental Specialities:

·         Dental public health - The study of dental epidemiology and social health policies.

·         Endodontics - Root canal therapy and study of diseases of the dental pulp.

·         Oral and maxillofacial pathology - The study, diagnosis, and sometimes the treatment of oral and maxillofacial related diseases.

·         Oral and maxillofacial radiology - The study and radiologic interpretation of oral and maxillofacial diseases.

·         Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Extractions, implants, and facial surgery.

·         Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics - The straightening of teeth and modification of midface and mandibular growth.

·         Periodontics (also periodontology) - Study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium (non-surgical and surgical) as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants

·         Pediatric dentistry (formerly pedodontics) - Dentistry limited to child patients

·         Prosthodontics - Dentures, bridges and the restoration of implants. Some prosthodontists further their training in "oral and maxillofacial prosthodontics", which is the discipline concerned with the replacement of missing facial structures, such as ears, eyes, noses, etc.

 

Dental Impression

Dental impressions are negative imprints of teeth and oral soft tissues from which a positive representation can be cast. They are used in prosthodontics (to make dentures), orthodontics, restorative dentistry, dental implantology and oral and maxillofacial surgery.

 

Dental material

Dental materials are specially fabricated materials, designed for use in dentistry. There are many different types of dental material, and their characteristics vary according to their intended purpose. Examples include temporary dressings, dental restorations (fillings, crowns, bridges), endodontic materials (used in root canal therapy), impression materials, prosthetic materials (dentures), dental implants, and many others.

1.Temporary dressings

A temporary dressing is a dental filling which is not intended to last in the long term. They are interim materials which may have therapeutic properties. A common use of temporary dressing occurs if root canal therapy is carried out over more than one appointment. In between each visit, the pulp canal system must be protected from contamination from the oral cavity, and a temporary filling is placed in the access cavity.

2.Cements

Dental cements are used most often to bond indirect restorations such as crowns to the natural tooth surface

3.Impression materials

They are used in prosthodontics (to make dentures), orthodontics, restorative dentistry, dental implantology and oral and maxillofacial surgery.

 4.Restorative materials

Dental restorative materials are used to replace tooth structure loss, usually due to dental caries (dental cavities), but also tooth wear and dental trauma. On other occasions, such materials may be used for cosmetic purposes to alter the appearance of an individual's teeth.

 

A)Direct restorative materials

Amalgam

Composite resin

Glass Ionomer Cement

Resin modified Glass-Ionomer Cement (RMGIC)

 Compomers

 

 B)Indirect Restorative materials

Porcelain (ceramic)

Composite Resin

Ceramic-Resin Hybrids

Gold

 

Lifespan of dental restorations

Fillings have a finite lifespan: an average of 12.8 years for amalgam and 7.8 years for composite resins. However, the lifespan of a restoration also depends upon how the patient takes care of the damaged tooth.